Thomas macaulay essays

Southeys Colloquies. Mr Robert Montgomery. Civil Disabilities of the Jews. Moores Life of Lord Byron.

Catalog Record: Essays, critical and miscellaneous | HathiTrust Digital Library

Samuel Johnson. John Bunyan. John Hampden. Well as he knew how to resolve characters into their elements, would he have been able to combine those elements in such a manner as to make up a man, a real, living, individual man? For severe distress he had sympathy, and not only sympathy, but munificent relief. But for the suffering which a harsh word inflicts upon a delicate mind he had no pity; for it was a kind of suffering which he could scarcely conceive.

It happened, however, that his family's business met with financial disaster - Macaulay was even forced to sell a Gold Medal he had won at Cambridge - and he was therafter obliged by his new circumstances to work seriously for his living. In February he entered the House of Commons where he sat for the "pocket borough" of Calne that had been made available to him through the "no strings attached" patronage of Lord Landsdowne.

Macaulay began to draw notice through the quality of his speeches including one delivered in support of the dramatically contentious parliamentary Reform Bill in March that was praised by Sir Robert Peel as containing portions "as beautiful as anything I have ever heard or read. Yet there has been none which spread more rapidly and widely, running like a bushfire across frontiers, countries and even oceans. By late spring , the Habsburg Empire looked like a hopeless case: the monarchy's northern Italian possessions in revolt, invaded by a Piedmontese army and largely cleared of Austrian troops; three different "national" governments in Vienna, Budapest and Zagreb each claiming sovereign authority; Polish, Romanian, Slovenian, Serb, Czech, and Slovak national movements aspiring to a similar sovereign status; a mentally incompetent monarch and his court in flight from the capital to the provinces; a state treasury completely bare.

Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions, , p. It crystallized ideas and projected the pattern of things to come; it determined the course of the following century.


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Radical socialist reformers sought justice for the "disinherited" classes, the peasants and the factory workers, while more moderate political reformers were concerned with protecting and increasing the influence of the middle classes, the bourgeoisie and the professional groups. The radicals in general favoured a republican form of government while many moderates were prepared to accept constitutional monarchy as a satisfactory substitute … … Many of the revolutionaries, especially in the German Confederation and Italy, wanted to transform their homeland into a strong and united country, but their aims contradicted the nationalist aspirations of minority groups.

From the opening chapter to "Revolution and Reaction " by Geoffrey Brunn. Renew the youth of the State. Save property, divided against itself. Save the multitude, endangered by its own ungovernable passions. Save the aristocracy, endangered by its own unpopular power.

Later life and writings

Save the greatest, and fairest, and most highly civilised community that ever existed, from calamities which may in a few days sweep away all the rich heritage of so many ages of wisdom and glory. The danger is terrible. The time is short. If this bill should be rejected, I pray to God that none of those who concur in rejecting it may ever remember their votes with unavailing remorse, amidst the wreck of laws, the confusion of ranks, the spoilation of property, and the dissolution of the social order He continued in these months to make time for some involvement in literary pursuits and was able to submit a number of essays to the Edinburgh Review.

Catalog Record: Essays, critical and miscellaneous | HathiTrust Digital Library

He spent four years in India, devoting his time chiefly to reforming the criminal code of the colony and to instituting an educational system based on that of Great Britain. In Macaulay began to seriously consider that he might someday attempt to write about the History of England. In , a year after his return, as a now well off man, to England, Macaulay resumed his political career and was elected to Parliament to represent an Edinburgh constituency.

It was in this same year that Macaulay began to write his History of England. He served as secretary of war from to and, as such, had a seat in the British cabinet. The loss of office in being associated with the fall of the ministry in which he had served. As he was now relatively free of political duties Macaulay was able to give more time to literary pursuits. In he finalised his Lays of Ancient Rome, this being a collection of poems in ballad form, retelling legends of the beginning of the Roman Republic.

Three volumes of his Essays were published in His ongoing major historical work was now envisaged to eventually become a comprehensive history of England from the accession of King James II to - this last being the year of the parlimentary reform act. The history would then extend from the "Revolution which brought the Crown into harmony with the Parliament" until the "Revolution which brought the Parliament into harmony with the nation. The Liberals were returned to power in , and Macaulay was appointed paymaster general for the armed forces.

Frederic the Great - Thomas Babington Macaulay - AudioBook Full - English - 1/2

In the general election of July , however, he was not returned to parliament and, given that his interest in politics had been waning and his interest in literary pursuits had been growing, now decided to concentrate on writing. He also adapted his pattern of life towards living a more retired life as a private citizen.

The first two volumes of the History of England from the Accession of James the Second were published in December and at once achieved a huge success.

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They were published in numerous editions in both Britain and the United States. The third chapter inherently contributed to the development of social history by presenting an highly contextually relevant extensive survey of English society in the year in terms of such things as population, cities, classes and tastes.

In Macaulay was again voted into Parliament for his former Edinburgh constituency, but declined to take up the offer of a place in the Cabinet. It transpired that he had developed a weakness in his heart causing him to decide to take little part in political activity and to continue to spend most of his time writing with the view of attempting to complete his History of England. He worked to such effect that the third and fourth volumes of his history were published in November , and achieved an even greater circulation than the first two. He was created Baron Macaulay of Rothley in but the continued failure of his health contributed to his never making a speech the house of lords.

He resigned himself to the reality of his failing health and curtailed his next projected volume of his history to the close of the reign of William III.

He died on December 28, , in London and was buried in Westminster Abbey. The last completed volume of his history, relating events until , was published posthumously in