Causes of world war one essay

These factors include militarism, nationalism, imperialism, the alliance system, and industrialization as the long term causes. The intermediate causes included the crises in. World War 1 World War 1 was not caused by one single event; it was caused by a combination of events. The Slavic peoples instead were to become part of Serbia. One of the main causes that started World War 1 was the fact of imperialism.

The main cause was imperialism and not nationalism because the government was always unequal and always favored themselves. When the government did this, it would lead to a terrible economy, and be forced to trade with other surrounding countries. All of this created a big build up in war and tension between Europe and other surrounding nations.


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I believe that imperialism was the main cause of World War 1 because it is what. Causes of War One of the major problems that International Relations has been trying to explain is the phenomenon of war and what causes it? War is a state of armed conflict between different states or different groups within a country. War can take on many forms including world, inter-state, intra-state or revolutionary. In order to figure what causes wars, a theoretical approach is useful to expand our understanding and perspective on the issue.

The three theoretical approaches we will explore. Europe was divided into two powerful blocs. Europe was faced with four major crises between and Two between France and Germany over Morocco and two between Austria - Hungary over the Balkans, but each time neither side felt strong enough to risk war. By the situation had changed when a fresh crisis emerged in. The Scramble of Africa led to the start of World War I because it increased rivalry between the European nations as they fought against each other for territory in Africa and control over different regions.

For example, in , German leader Otto von Bismarck called the Berlin Conference which had the European powers meet to discuss the division of Africa into regions controlled by the European nations. The purpose of the meeting was to avoid starting a major European conflict and to lessen tensions because the Scramble for Africa was leading to an intense rivalry and distrust between the Europeans powers.


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The peace created at the Berlin Conference did not last as the rivalry between the European powers increased as they approached For instance, Britain and France were the two Europeans nations that had control over the largest regions of Africa during the Scramble for Africa and this caused tension with Germany. Germany was angry that it lacked the colonies in Africa that both Britain and France had and resented their general role in Africa. Both crises occurred in the ten years before the outbreak of World War I and both involved France trying to gain control over Morocco while Germany worked to prevent France.

The incident enraged the French who were considered to have a major interest in the region and both countries began threatening each other and talking of war.

Main Causes Of World War 1 Essay

While the two sides would eventually end the crisis through negotiations it still showed the level of rivalry and tensions that imperialism in Africa caused among the European nations. Ultimately, these tensions led to a sense of anger and distrust among the European powers that helped to set the stage for war in Moroccan Crisis. The fourth and final long-term cause of World War I was the growth of nationalism that occurred in Europe in the decades before World War I and the tensions it caused.

Nationalism is best understood as when a group of people identify with each other and display a loyalty to their nation or country. Nationalism grows when people share similar beliefs, values, ethnic heritage, relationship to land, language, culture and customs. These separate kingdoms unified as the people in those regions began to identify with each other and as nationalism swept across the people of Europe.

Nationalism was a major cause of World War I because it caused tensions and unrest to grow in certain parts of Europe.

For example, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was not made up of one single nation, but rather consisted of many different groups. Many of these groups sought to have control over themselves and wanted sovereignty from the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This created a great deal of unrest in the empire. The Germans then came up with the Schlieffen Plan. On the other hand, Russia could put millions onto the fields and France had a plan of attack which was to change across the frontier and attack deep into Germany, forcing surrender. Britain and France were working closely together with commanders which meant their military plans were designed to achieve quick victory.

The British navy knew the cost of the war would lead to an economic collapse on the enemy. Overall, if countries have a big army, enough resources and a great navy they would be ready for conflict. Alliances showed a great dent in World War one. In the nineteenth century, Britain had tried to not get involved in European Politics.

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Britain had regarded France and Russia as its most dangerous rivals at the time. Britain was very worried about Germany to have an Empire and a strong navy, which Britain saw as a serious threat to its own Empire and Navy. The central powers alliance was a collection of small independent states of which Prussia was the most powerful.

In the Prussian statesman Bismarck won a war against France, after which he united the many German states into a new and powerful German empire.

Causes of world war 1 essay imperialism

This all leads to the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This shows how the use of creating Alliances was an advantaged and disadvantaged idea between the global nations. The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife was critical in setting off the chain of events that led to the First World War. Not only was it a bad day for the Archduke and his family, but also a bad day for Europe. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was inspecting the army in Sarajevo with his wife Sophie.

The royal couple arrived by train at 9. The first conspirator who tried to kill Franz Ferdinand threw a bomb at his car. He missed and was arrested.

Causes of World War I - Wikipedia

The Archduke escaped unhurt. He decided to abandon the visit and return home via a different route to the one planned. No one had told the driver the route had changed. On the way back, therefore, the driver turned into Franz Josef Street, following the published route and, when told of his error, stopped the car to turn around. Unfortunately, the car stopped in front of Gavrilo Princip, one of the conspirators, who was on his way home thinking he had failed. Princip pulled out a gun and shot at Franz Ferdinand, hitting him in the jugular vein.

There was a tussle, during which Princip shot and killed Sophie.