Accordingly, empowerment is central to the processes of maintaining the benefits of women at an individual, household, community and broader levels Malhotra et al. It involves the action of boosting the status of women through literacy, education, training and raising awareness Alvarez and Lopez, We all know the ratio of girls is less as compared to boys in our country, India. And it is due to the orthodox mentality of society who wants to have boys and not girls.
The need for women empowerment arose because of the gender discrimination and male domination in the Indian society since ancient time.
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Women are being suppressed by their family members and society for many reasons. They have been targeted for many types of violence and discriminatory practices by the male members of the family and society in India and other countries as well. Wrong and old practices in the society from ancient times have taken the form of well-developed customs and traditions. Women enjoyed a better position in the Rig-Vedic period which deteriorated in the Vedic civilization.
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Vedic civilization onwards, women were denied the right to education, right to widow remarriage, right to inheritance and ownership of property. Social evils like child marriage and dowry system worsen the situations more for women.
During the Gupta period, the status of women deteriorated extremely and institutions like dowry and Sati Pratha became more prominent. During the British Raj, many social reformers such as Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, and Jyotirao Phule started agitations for the empowerment of women and as a result of their efforts Sati was finally abolished and the Widow Remarriage Act was formulated.
Role of Women in India: Importance, Significance, Essay and Speech
Later, stalwarts like Mahatma Gandhi and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru advocated women rights and as a result of their concentrated efforts that the status of women in social, economic and political life began to elevate in the Indian society. Although women in India have made a considerable progress in the seven-decade of Independence still the battle is only half won. They still have to fight against many social evils that are oppressing them and deteriorating their status. Still, there are people or groups that create hurdles and resists women progress in India.
Women empowerment is not a new concept and its need was sensed much earlier, even before independence. Not only in India but all over the world women have faced atrocities and thus since the beginning of its history they have been challenging gender inequalities. The struggles for women empowerment have also been supported by many men who have been outraged at injustice against women in society.
It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing. Women empowerment has become a much raised and discussed topic around the globe. But why is it necessary and why are we trying to fill this gender gap? What is gender gap? Why are women not given that equality level and trust in the society! Why even in the 21st-century women still have to run for their rights? In India, women have always been a victim of honour killings. They have been bereft of basic rights for proper education and freedom for years.
In this male-dominated and patriarchal society, they face violence, abuse and other ill-treatment. All the evil practices that are deteriorating the status of women need to eliminate from our society if we really want to empower women of our nation.
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Gender inequality still prevails in India because of which women are maltreated not only by outsiders but by family members too. The irony is that although India has acclaimed the status of the 1st Asian country to accomplish its Mars mission in the maiden attempt is positioned at the 29th rank in the world on the basis of gender inequality index. Empowerment of women is essential to have the bright future in family, society and country. Jawaharlal Nehru had said that to awaken the people, first awaken the women need to be awakened, because once a woman has been awakened then the whole nation and family gets awakened with her.
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Women no longer need men to rely on. They need support and society with right senses can only provide women with it. Nothing is beatable for a woman. All she needs is support and lots of love. I believe a woman is a most powerful creature in this living earth. Not only she compromises her family, but in the time of need, she tends to have such energy to make things go in a right way whether the cost to it is they themselves!
The aim of women empowerment is providing strength to them. To safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women the National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in To empower women at the village level the Panchayati Raj system was introduced by Government of India. Throughout history, mostly all areas in India have held women in an inferior place compared to men due to archaic traditions. Many movement groups and liberation groups have been created so as to stop this injustice and are trying to give back the well deserved crown to women.
Women had, since long, been viewed as the weak sex in India-which resulted in their subordination throughout the times.
Women have break the boundaries restricted to house-hold work and have flourished throughout the different sectors with flying colours. The encouragement of women, definitely, helped with the new innovative ideas for the implementation in various spheres of life. Families are male-dominated patriarchal therefore, girls have been raised to accept violence as part of their destiny.
They assume that their purpose on earth is merely for reproductive roles and labor. Why in spite of having numerous laws to protect girls, they are still being ill-treated within the family or outside the home? Indian society is hypocritical.
They worship female goddesses and yet fail to protect Indian women from daily atrocities they face and on top of that, they blame them too for their condition. Moreover, traditions still cast women as hopeless victims rather than free-thinking individuals in control of their destiny. Despite the fact that, Dowries were made illegal in India under the Dowry Protection Act , the practice persists for most marriages. The fact that India has female chief ministers means very little.
India hates women and that is the ugly unvarnished truth! With the influence of the Muslim society on India, it has caused considerate deterioration in the status of women as in Muslim societies; women are regarded as captive and saleable commodities. Women are relegated to a plaything of man or like an ornament to decorate the drawing room.